生产这两件瓷器的英国窑厂是BW&C English Porcelain，仅仅存在3年时间1875 – 1878。所以断代非常清楚。瓷器手工绘画精细优美，包浆浑厚，蛤蛎光亮闪，底款明了，工艺精度高，不愧为百年绝版珍品。
Item#: 149022 — Manufacturer Status: Discontinued
Pattern: 6369 by BATES WALKER & CO [BWC6369] Pattern #: 6369
Description: BLUE/MULTICOLOR ORIENTAL LADIES/SCENE
Mark reads BW&C English Porcelain 1790
Oriental style figures in a garden setting–colors vibrant pinds, greens, subdued blues and golds–all very lovely. There is a mark written in red on the back that is 6369 A /W.
Bates, Walker & Co. were an earthenware and porcelain manufacturer at the Dale Hall Works, Longport, Burslem, Stoke-on-Trent. They were only in business from 1875 to 1878.
According to Jewitt’s “Ceramic Art of Great Britain 1800-1900”:
“The extensive works at Dale Hall (or Dale Hole, as it used to be written), founded in 1790 originally belonged to Joseph Stubbs – a successful manufacturer of earthenware during the 1822-5 period, who having retired from business, died in 1836. He was succeeded in about 1843 by Messrs. XXXXX, XXXXX & Joshua Mayer, who from 1855 traded as Mayer Brothers & Elliot, and from them the works passed through the firms of Mayer & Elliot, Liddle, Elliot, & Co., Bates, Elliot & Co., Bates, Walker & Co., and Bates, Gildea & Walker to the firm of Gildea & Walker during the 1881-6 period.”
“The marks of Messrs. Mayer were T.J.&J. MAYER; MAYER BROS, etc. Those of the later firms were BATES, WALKER & Co. PATENTEES (or other successive changes), on an oval ribbon, with date, etc., of registration inside; and a nude figure kneeling and holding a ewer in front of him, on a tablet with the date 1790.
This device was introduced in a variety of ways, with the initials B.W. & CO., B.G. & W., or G. & W„ LATE MAYERS, and the name of the pattern, etc. On some, the device is surrounded by a circular ribbon, on others by a triangular one. Messrs. Gildea & Walker continued to 1886. The Dale Hall Works were subsequently worked by Keeling & Co. (Ltd.) from 1886 to 1936. They used the above mark with the initials K & Co. B.”
If you have a piece of pottery with this date “1790” printed on the bottom, then one thing you can be sure of – it was not made in 1790. The earliest date it can be is 1875, and it may be as late as 1878.
It was not unusual for potters to try to establish an early date, to try to give their ware some sense of history and value. The occupiers of the Dale Hall pottery works used the date “1790” – which was the date the works were first built by Joseph Stubbs.