英国东方风格135年老瓷器

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近日收藏到两件英国瓷厂仿清代画风瓷器。

描述:人物形象均穿唐式服装或曰敞口“和服”;右边一个大人手臂持花观赏;其近景颇似清代庭院人物画风, 无论建筑物、花草装饰,还是人物服饰,处处显示东方特色。

生产这两件瓷器的英国窑厂是BW&C English Porcelain,仅仅存在3年时间1875 – 1878。所以断代非常清楚。瓷器手工绘画精细优美,包浆浑厚,蛤蛎光亮闪,底款明了,工艺精度高,不愧为百年绝版珍品。

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一般说讲,陶瓷的半衰期为60年,经历两个半衰期120年后,才能看出陶瓷的老气来。

英国、意大利等国的古瓷工具书,至少对著名瓷厂而不是无名小窑 的产品,能够查出是哪一年制造。而作为“瓷器祖国”的我国,却没有这样精确、详尽的工具书,而且今后若干年内也不可能出版这样的工具书。

19世纪末的西洋瓷器,生产工艺已经与我国的晚清瓷器工艺水平并驾齐驱甚至领先一步,目前国际上公认瓷器的顶级奢侈品牌出自英国。拍卖会上的西洋瓷器物美价廉,又有历史厚重感,买上一两件陈列家中,画龙点睛,平添品位。

收藏西洋瓷器相比收藏中国传统瓷器,不易上当受骗,一是没有假货之虞,国外造假货成本太高,无论从人工或从法律上都得不偿失;二是年份较易考证,从款式上即能断定其年份。

英国GON、皇家皇冠、MASON、皇家阿尔贝特、TUSCAM、皇家戴文和德国皇家德垒斯堡、皇家巴伐利亚、麦森著名品牌. 法国传教士殷弘绪在1712年于景德镇获得瓷器技术后传至西方,1793年英国使团出使中国时,竟然将英国WEDGWOOD瓷器作为献给乾隆皇帝的礼物之一.

在欧美国家,数千美元一套的英国GON、法国“赛费”或德国“麦森”品牌的瓷器,是荣耀的象征,因为它们能够显示出主人的身价和格调。西洋瓷器的品牌价值。品牌提升价值,国外著名瓷器制作商非常注重保护和宣传自己的品牌,设计的新产品都有专利保护。

Item#: 149022 — Manufacturer Status: Discontinued

Pattern: 6369 by BATES WALKER & CO [BWC6369]    Pattern #: 6369

Description: BLUE/MULTICOLOR ORIENTAL LADIES/SCENE

Mark reads BW&C English Porcelain 1790
Oriental style figures in a garden setting–colors vibrant pinds, greens, subdued blues and golds–all very lovely. There is a mark written in red on the back that is 6369 A /W.

专家解答:

Bates, Walker & Co. were an earthenware and porcelain manufacturer at the Dale Hall Works, Longport, Burslem, Stoke-on-Trent. They were only in business from 1875 to 1878.

According to Jewitt’s “Ceramic Art of Great Britain 1800-1900”:

“The extensive works at Dale Hall (or Dale Hole, as it used to be written), founded in 1790 originally belonged to Joseph Stubbs – a successful manufacturer of earthenware during the 1822-5 period, who having retired from business, died in 1836. He was succeeded in about 1843 by Messrs. XXXXX, XXXXX & Joshua Mayer, who from 1855 traded as Mayer Brothers & Elliot, and from them the works passed through the firms of Mayer & Elliot, Liddle, Elliot, & Co., Bates, Elliot & Co., Bates, Walker & Co., and Bates, Gildea & Walker to the firm of Gildea & Walker during the 1881-6 period.”

“The marks of Messrs. Mayer were T.J.&J. MAYER; MAYER BROS, etc. Those of the later firms were BATES, WALKER & Co. PATENTEES (or other successive changes), on an oval ribbon, with date, etc., of registration inside; and a nude figure kneeling and holding a ewer in front of him, on a tablet with the date 1790.

This device was introduced in a variety of ways, with the initials B.W. & CO., B.G. & W., or G. & W„ LATE MAYERS, and the name of the pattern, etc. On some, the device is surrounded by a circular ribbon, on others by a triangular one. Messrs. Gildea & Walker continued to 1886. The Dale Hall Works were subsequently worked by Keeling & Co. (Ltd.) from 1886 to 1936. They used the above mark with the initials K & Co. B.”

If you have a piece of pottery with this date “1790” printed on the bottom, then one thing you can be sure of – it was not made in 1790. The earliest date it can be is 1875, and it may be as late as 1878.

It was not unusual for potters to try to establish an early date, to try to give their ware some sense of history and value. The occupiers of the Dale Hall pottery works used the date “1790” – which was the date the works were first built by Joseph Stubbs.

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